The Types of Yoga
The expression “yoga” is connected to a combination of practices and techniques that likewise incorporate Hindu, Jain and Buddhist practices. In Hinduism these practices incorporate Jnana Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Laya Yoga and Hatha Yoga.
Yoga Sutras of Pantajali, which are the most seasoned known composed aggregation about yoga, incorporate the Raja Yoga or the Ashtanga Yoga, (the eight appendages to be drilled to achieve Samadhi). A definitive point of the yoga rehearse is to get Samadhi or solidarity of the individual self with the Supreme Being. Patanjali states that one can accomplish this incomparable union by disposal the “vruttis” or the diverse adjustments of the brain. The brain can thusly be controlled by right teach and preparing of the body. The Yoga-Sutra of Patanjali contain:
Yama: Social restrictions or moral esteems for living. They include: Ahimsa (Non-savagery), Satya (honesty) Asteya (non-taking), Brahmacharya (chastity, devotion to one’s accomplice) and Aparigraha (non-possessiveness).
Niyama – They incorporate the individual observances of – Sauca (clearness of psyche, discourse and body), Santosha (happiness), Tapas (tirelessness). Svadhyaya (investigation of self, self-reflection, investigation of Vedas), and Ishvara-Pranidhana (consideration of God/Supreme Being/True Self)
Asana: Literally signifies “situate”, and in Patanjali’s Sutras alludes to the situated position utilized for contemplation.
Pranayama – Prana, breath, “ayama”, to limit or stop i.e., control of breath
Pratyahara – Withdrawal of the sense in planning to contemplation.
Dharana – Concentration
Dhyana – Meditation.
Samadhi – Liberating one’s body to accomplish rapture.
Besides, Patanjali has recognized some essential hindrances that don’t permit the brain from rehearsing yoga. He has partitioned them into 2 classes: